The UAZ-469 light utility vehicle was introduced in 1973. Development of this 4x4 vehicle commenced in 1961. It was specially designed to fulfill military roles. The first prototype was completed in 1962. However it's production commenced only in 1973. It replaced in production the previous GAZ-69. The UAZ-469 was widely used by the Soviet military, as well as civil operators. The UAZ-469 was also exported to about 70 countries worldwide. Over 2 000 000 of these light utility vehicles were produced. An updated variant of this off-road vehicle is still in production for the Russian Army. Currently it is the only vehicle of it's class, in service with the Russian Army.
This robust off-road vehicle is simple in design and technology. It's simplicity allows for easy maintenance and repairs. Vehicle has an open-topped body with a soft canvas cover and detachable door tops. It is a very capable 4x4 vehicle, which can drive on any terrain.
The UAZ-469 has a payload capacity of 800 kg. This off-road vehicle provides seating for the driver, plus 6 passengers with 100 kg of cargo, or alternatively one passenger and 600 kg of cargo. It can also tow trailers or light artillery pieces on cross-country terrain with a maximum weight of 850 kg.
Vehicle is powered by commercially available UMZ-452MI 2.45-liter petrol engine, developing 72 hp. A diesel engine is also available. Vehicle has a full-time all-wheel-drive. It is worth mentioning, that civilian version was not as capable cross country terrain.
UAZ-3151, version produced since 1985. It is powered by new UMZ-414 and UMZ-417 engines, developing 80 and 92 hp respectively. Maximum road speed of the UAZ-3151 is 110-115 km/h. The UAZ-31514 has a fully-enclosed metal roof.
Recently some military versions of this utility vehicle with extended wheelbase were developed. One of them is intended for Russian airborne troops and accommodates 11 passengers, including the driver.
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